He wept over it . . .

Palm Sunday didn’t end with hallelujahs. Those shouts of praise drew this reaction:

Some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to Him, “Teacher, rebuke Your disciples.” But Jesus answered, “I tell you, if these become silent, the stones will cry out!”

When He approached Jerusalem, He saw the city and wept over it, saying, “If you had known in this day, even you, the things which make for peace! But now they have been hidden from your eyes. For the days will come upon you when your enemies will throw up a barricade against you, and surround you and hem you in on every side, and they will level you to the ground and your children within you, and they will not leave in you one stone upon another, because you did not recognize the time of your visitation.”
Luke 19:39–44
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He Wept Over It, Flevit Super Illam
Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday of the week will see more conflict and unrelenting tension as Jesus teaches at the Temple and confronts the Jewish leaders. Luke is the only gospel writer to describe this initial conflict with the Pharisees and Jesus weeping over Jerusalem. Douglas Huffman puts these events into context.

The three stories leading up to the entry—the blind man crying out “Son of David” (Luke 18:35- 43), Zacchaeus (Luke 19:1-10); and the parable of the pounds (Luke 19:11-27)—follow immediately after one of Jesus’ key passion predictions (Luke 18:31-34) and connect directly to the triumphal entry story (Luke 19:28-44). Strauss’s overview of this introduction to the triumphal entry is worth repeating here.

In summary, Luke like Mark uses the son of David cry of the blind man outside Jericho to prepare the reader for Jesus’ royal entrance into Jerusalem and his passion and death as king of the Jews. But, in contrast with Mark, Luke introduces two pericopes between these events which serve to clarify Jesus’ messianic role and ministry. In the Zacchaeus story, Jesus’ messianic role is seen not as the conquering son of David of contemporary Judaism…dealing with retribution to Israel’s enemies but rather as the compassionate Son of man seeking and saving the lost (i.e. the role of the messiah as set out in Luke 4:18-19, 7:20-23). Then, in the parable of the pounds, the nature of Jesus’ kingly authority and reign is presented not as the immediate establishment of an earthly kingdom on earth but rather as a departure to receive kingly authority, followed by a still future return in judgment.

As for the triumphal entry itself, these same themes are confirmed by the manner in which Luke recounts the event. Recalling the blind man healed in Jericho, people at the triumphal entry recognize Jesus as royalty and praise God “for all the mighty works that they had seen.” Recalling the Zacchaeus story and Jesus’ openness to receiving all who believe and respond, Luke alone describes the people at the triumphal entry as “the whole multitude of the disciples.” Recalling the parable of the pounds and the separation of those devoted to the king and those opposed to him, Luke alone reports the Pharisaic anxiety at the triumphal entry about Jesus’ identity. The time for ultimate judgment does not come when Jesus reaches Jerusalem (nor even after the resurrection when he is in Jerusalem; see Acts 1:6). But judgment day is coming. This is the emphasis of how Luke closes the triumphal entry episode with a uniquely Lukan account of Jesus’ sorrow over Jerusalem. It was not merely over the bricks of the walls and buildings that Jesus mourned, for it was not merely over those things that he is Messiah King.1

Jesus wept for the hard-hearted, hard-headed, stubborn and unrepentant sinners of the city.

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Enrique Simonet, Flevit super illam (He wept over it). {PD-1923}.
1Douglas H. Huffman, “Receiving Jesus as Messiah King: A Synoptic Study on the Way to Luke’s Triumphal Entry Account,” The Southern Baptist Journal of Theology 16.3 (Fall 2012) 11.

Original content: Copyright ©2014 Iwana Carpenter

Posted in Easter, Jesus Christ, Judgment, Repentance, Sin | Tagged | Leave a comment

The Shout of Palm Sunday

Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion!
Shout in triumph, O daughter of Jerusalem!
Behold, your king is coming to you;
He is just and endowed with salvation,
Humble, and mounted on a donkey,
Even on a colt, the foal of a donkey.
Zechariah 9:10
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Tissot, The Procession in the Streets of Jerusalem
After He had said these things, He was
going on ahead, going up to Jerusalem.

When He approached Bethphage
and Bethany, near the mount that
is called Olivet, He sent two of the
disciples, saying, “Go into the village
ahead of you; there, as you enter,
you will find a colt tied on which
no one yet has ever sat; untie it
and bring it here. If anyone asks
you, ‘Why are you untying it?’
you shall say, ‘The Lord has need
of it.’”

So those who were sent went away and found it just as He had told them. As they were untying the colt, its owners said to them, “Why are you untying the colt?” They said, “The Lord has need of it.” They brought it to Jesus, and they threw their coats on the colt and put Jesus on it. As He was going, they were spreading their coats on the road. As soon as He was approaching, near the descent of the Mount of Olives, the whole crowd of the disciples began to praise God joyfully with a loud voice for all the miracles which they had seen, shouting:

Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the Lord;
Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!”

Luke 19:28–38
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As Jesus entered Jerusalem the week He was crucified, all four Gospels record the crowds shouting the words of Psalm 118:26:

Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord

Palm Sunday is not the only appearance of Psalm 118 this week. Psalm 118 will mark the next few days, and its use is significant. Not only does the crowd shout it to Jesus, Jesus will quote it as He confronts the Pharisees, and in all likelihood Psalm 118 will be sung by Jesus the evening before He dies.

The ongoing use this week of Psalm 118 is significant because Psalm 118 is a Passover psalm. It was a psalm sung in remembrance and praise to God for delivering His people from their slavery to the Egyptians. It’s one of six psalms, Psalms 113–118, known as the Egyptian Hallel,1 traditionally sung at Passover.

Hallel means “Praise,” and Hallelujah means “Praise the Lord.”2 On Palm Sunday this Passover psalm was sung in praise to the Passover Lamb who came to deliver His people from their slavery to sin. The shout of Palm Sunday anticipated the joy of Easter morning.

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James Tissot, The Procession in the Streets of Jerusalem (Le cortège dans les rues de Jérusalem) Brooklyn Museum.
1, 2Derek Kidner, Psalms 73–150 (Inter-Varsity Press, Leicester, England: 1975) 383, 401 & 383.

Original content: Copyright ©2014 Iwana Carpenter

Posted in Easter, Jesus Christ, Joy, Judgment, Love, Sin | Tagged | Leave a comment

Read the Bible in 2014

Visualizing the Bible® Chris Harrison
Click the image to enlarge

“Your Word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path.”
Psalm 119:105

This beautiful image gives you a visual overview of the Bible: the number of books in the Bible, the length of each book and the thousands of cross reference connections between the books. I want to encourage you to read through the Bible this coming year.

In 1981 Geoffrey Thomas wrote a pamphlet, Reading the Bible. It’s small is size, but great in help and wisdom.

Life is exceedingly complex: the prevailing climate in present-day Society is hostile to the Christian faith. Marx, Darwin and Freud have all contributed to the dominant philosophy of unbelief that prevails in the Western World. The mass media repeatedly attack the faith of the Bible. The breakdown of the family, promiscuity, divorce, abortion— . . . Answers to our complex contem- porary questions are found in the Bible and our task is to equip ourselves with the knowledge of the Word so that all needed insight and strength will be ours. Laziness is our great temptation. Reliance on knowledge gained in the past is a great danger. We must be growing Christians. Our convictions, our conduct and our devotion must be rooted in the Word of God. ‘For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.’ [Romans 15.4].

Thomas explains the benefit of reading the entire Bible:

The chief aim of studying the Scriptures is not the amount read or even the reading itself. The aim is to know God….

In whatever ways we adapt the suggested plan to our own particular needs we must aim at reading two or three chapters at a sitting, or a whole book or epistle. There are many precious things we shall never see unless we read the Word of God in large chunks. We would never read fifteen lines of any other piece of literature and then set it aside, believing that we had thus satisfied the author’s original intentions. To see the whole massive movement of biblical thought, the Scriptures need to be read frequently and from Genesis to Revelation. The Christian must be content with nothing less. He will not understand the individual verses unless he has the framework of knowledge which a larger acquaintance with Scripture provides. The more he reads the more comprehensible the Bible becomes.

There are numerous plans online for reading the Bible through in a year. Some begin in Genesis and go straight through, others arrange the Bible in chronological order of events, and there are those that mix readings from different sections of the Bible.

Robert Murray M’Cheyne, a Scottish minister of the early 1800s, organized what is today considered a classic reading plan: you read through the New Testament and Psalms twice in a year and through the other books of the Old Testament once. Ben Edgington has numerous helpful links. Here is M’Cheyne’s calendar plan for reading through the Bible in a year and includes part of his original explanation. It’s divided into family and secret readings for personal devotions, but use them as is best for you.

Each day Grace to You posts the Bible readings from The MacArthur Daily Bible. Passages are given to read from the Old Testament, Psalms, Proverbs, and New Testament along with some brief comments by John MacArthur.

Michael Coley has developed a plan that divides Bible readings into Epistles, The Law, History, Psalms, Poetry, Prophecy and Gospels—one for each day of the week. He has listed the chapters on a one-page pdf document you can print and carry in your Bible, and he also offers various formats for reading online and by email. In 2011 I posted my own thoughts and reflections on what I read using Michael Coley’s plan. Links to those posts can be found in the heading as pages under the main Bible page.

The Blue Letter Bible site offers several different plans from which to choose. Professor Grant Horner has designed a unique plan in which he has divided the books of the Bible into ten lists and one chapter from each list is read every day.

If you’re not familiar with the Bible, then you might want to use the MacArthur or M’Cheyne reading plan. Both plans have daily RSS feeds available. They are in the sidebar and will change automatically each day. I have set the M’Cheyne plan to change at midnight, US Eastern time zone (UTC-5), but Grace to You is in the US Pacific time zone (UTC-8). Click on the M’Cheyne listings to go to the reading at Bible Gateway. Click on The MacArthur Daily Bible for the readings at Grace to You. You can still use Bible Gateway, but you’ll have to pull up the readings for yourself.

Choose your translation with care—there are some politically correct translations out today that change the words in the original languages, while some paraphrases obliterate the text and meaning. The New American Standard Bible is a translation I have used for years.

Whichever plan you use, I recommend reading Geoffrey Thomas’ Reading the Bible is online here at Tony Capoccia’s Bible Bulletin Board. I think the complete text is there except for a quote from J. C. Ryle, and Thomas’ table outlining a plan for reading through the Bible in a year. Don Carson’s Preface and Introduction (19 page PDF) to For the Love of God is also very helpful. Keep them both close at hand to encourage you.

After M’Cheyne designed his reading plan, he wrote:

MY DEAR FLOCK,—The approach of another year stirs up with me new desires for your salvation, and for the growth of you who are saved….What the coming year is to bring forth, who can tell? There is plainly a weight lying on the spirits of all good men, and a looking for some strange work of judgment coming upon this land. There is need now to ask that solemn question: “If in the land of peace, where thou trustedst, they wearied thee, then how wilt thou do in the swelling of Jordan?”

Those believers will stand firmest who have no dependence on self or upon creatures, but upon Jehovah our Righteousness. We must be driven more to our Bibles, and to the mercy-seat, if we are to stand in the evil day. Then we shall be able to say, like David, “The proud have had me greatly in derision, yet have I not declined from Thy law.” “Princes have persecuted me without a cause, but my heart standeth in awe of Thy word.”

May the Lord be with you and bless you in 2013, granting you greater love and knowledge of Him through the reading of His Word, for “the people who know their God will display strength and take action.

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Visualizing the Bible® Chris Harrison. Used by permission. Click the image to enlarge it to 900 x 540 pixels. This image was named one of the best science images of 2008 in National Geographic News. A poster of the image can be bought at HistoryShots.
“The bar graph that runs along the bottom represents all of the chapters in the Bible. Books alternate in color between white and light gray. The length of each bar denotes the number of verses in the chapter. Each of the 63,779 cross references found in the Bible is depicted by a single arc – the color corresponds to the distance between the two chapters, creating a rainbow-like effect.”
If you’d like to see the image in an even more stunning view at 2000 x 1200 pixels go to the Bible page in the heading and click on the second image at the bottom of that page. For an even larger image go to History Shots. It is truly incredible.
The quote from M’Cheyne is via http://mcheyne.wordpress.com/ and can be read in its context beginning on p. 618 of Andrew Bonar’s Memoir and Remains of the Rev. Robert Murray M’Cheyne (Edinburgh/London : Oliphant Anderson & Ferrier, 1892) available on Archive.org.

Original content: Copyright ©2012–2014 Iwana Carpenter

Posted in Bible, Christian Life, Read the Bible in 2013 | Leave a comment

The Kingdoms of Our Lord & of His Christ

And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.
Revelation 11:15 KJV
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Handel Messiah by James Gurney

The words of the “Hallelujah” chorus in Handel’s Messiah are from Revelation 19:6, 16; and 11:15. Revelation reverberates with the power and majesty of God. It gives assurance to believers in Jesus Christ that God will keep His own children through suffering, persecution and death. Nations will know the wrath of His righteous judgment. Christians will realize our hope of glory.

For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory that is to be revealed to us.
Romans 8:18
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Therefore we do not lose heart, but though our outer man is decaying, yet our inner man is being renewed day by day. For momentary, light affliction is producing for us an eternal weight of glory far beyond all comparison, while we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen; for the things which are seen are temporal, but the things which are not seen are eternal.
2 Corinthians 3:16–18
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Be encouraged and with your love encourage other believers. Continue to trust God with your days, and as Paul enjoined us:

Therefore if you have been raised up with Christ, keep seeking the things above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God. Set your mind on the things above, not on the things that are on earth. For you have died and your life is hidden with Christ in God. When Christ, who is our life, is revealed, then you also will be revealed with Him in glory.
Colossians 3:1–4
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On this last day of the year, take the time to read Luke 17:20–18:8, in which Jesus teaches about His second coming. I. H. Marshall writes:

Jesus’ warning against looking for signs seems at first to be out of harmony with His own words in 21:5–36….But premonitory signs were a recognized part of apocalyptic teaching, and Jesus had to warn people against trusting to them for security. At the same time, He had to prepare His followers for the troubles that lay ahead of them, lest they should lose faith (cf. 18:8).1

In other words we are not to confuse being aware and knowledgeable of signs of His return with trusting in those signs. We are to be faithful in our obedience and continue to trust in God until Jesus returns—not just until we think the signs are incontrovertible. Jesus tells this parable in 18:1–8 .

Now He was telling them a parable to show that at all times they ought to pray and not to lose heart, saying, “In a certain city there was a judge who did not fear God and did not respect man. There was a widow in that city, and she kept coming to him, saying, ‘Give me legal protection from my opponent.’ For a while he was unwilling; but afterward he said to himself, ‘Even though I do not fear God nor respect man, yet because this widow bothers me, I will give her legal protection, otherwise by continually coming she will wear me out.’”

And the Lord said, “Hear what the unrighteous judge said; now, will not God bring about justice for His elect who cry to Him day and night, and will He delay long over them? I tell you that He will bring about justice for them quickly. However, when the Son of Man comes, will He find faith on the earth?”
Luke 18:1–8
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Marshall has these comments:

Although we think of this parable as being about prayer, it really forms the closing part of the teaching about the future given in 17:20–37….The point is that even if God gives the appearance of unwillingness to answer, like the unjust judge, yet He will certainly answer prayer without the need for importunity. He will vindicate His elect speedily (‘soon enough’ NEB) or perhaps ‘suddenly and unexpectedly’. The vital question is not whether He will respond to importunity but whether there will be faithful men, who have persisted in prayer, when the Son of man comes. Luke rightly characterized the parable as one to encourage men to continue in prayer without losing heart before the end comes.2

We must take care not to transfer the reluctance of the unjust judge to God. Luke tells us  exactly why Jesus told the parable—at all times we ought to pray and not to lose heart! Whatever events may occur in our lives during this coming year, at all times we ought to pray and not to lose heart! One day the kingdoms of this world will become the kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ; and He will reign forever and ever. Until that day, at all times we ought to pray and not to lose heart!

He who testifies to these things says, “Yes, I am coming quickly.” Amen. Come, Lord Jesus.

The grace of the Lord Jesus be with all. Amen.
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Handel Messiah sketch by James Gurney using a water-soluble graphite pencil: posted originally in Handel’s Messiah at Gurney Journey. Mr. Gurney is the creator of Dinotopia. Used in 2012 for the first time by permission.
1, 2I. H. Marshall, “Luke,” The New Bible Commentary: Revised, D. Guthrie, J. A. Motyer, eds., A. M. Stibbs, D. J. Wiseman, contributing eds., (Inter-Varsity Press, Downers Grove IL: 1970) 914, 914–915.
Messiah: Libretto: Old and New Testament Passages selected by Charles Jennens
Oratorio: George Frideric Handel
Antony Walker conducting Cantillation and the Orchestra of the Antipodes.

Posted in Adversity, Christian Life, Christmas, Church, Comfort, Courage, Encouragement, Evil, Faith, God, Grace, Hope, Jesus Christ, Joy, Judgment, Justice, Love, Music, Peace, Perilous Times, Personal Distress, Prayer, Suffering, Truth | Tagged , | Leave a comment

“Coventry Carol”

Coventry Carol  is a song that was unfamiliar to me until I read a novel by Helen MacInnes in which she used it at a critical moment in her story. I have yet to hear it sung in a church or in concert here in the United States. The carol is both lullaby and lament, sung by the women of Bethlehem to their children who were slain by the decree of an enraged Herod. It was written in the sixteenth century for The Pageant of the Shearmen and Tailors in Coventry; a pageant that told the story of the birth of Jesus, beginning with the Annunciation and ending with the killing of the little boys of Bethlehem.1

Now when they [the magi] had gone, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, “Get up! Take the Child and His mother and flee to Egypt, and remain there until I tell you; for Herod is going to search for the Child to destroy Him.”

So Joseph got up and took the Child and His mother while it was still night, and left for Egypt. He remained there until the death of Herod. This was to fulfill what had been spoken by the Lord through the prophet:

“Out of Egypt I called my Son.”

Das Massaker der Unschuldigen François-Joseph NavezThen when Herod saw that he had been tricked by the magi, he became very enraged, and sent and slew all the male children who were in Bethlehem and all its vicinity, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had determined from the magi.

Then what had been spoken through Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled:

“A voice was heard in Ramah,
Weeping and great mourning,
Rachel weeping for her children;
And she refused to be comforted,
Because they were no more.”
Matthew 2:13-18
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This is a lovely and poignant rendition of Coventry Carol by Valeria Mignaco and Alfonso Marin.

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Lullay, Thou little tiny Child,
By, by, lully, lullay.
Lullay, Thou little tiny Child.
By, by, lully, lullay.

O sisters, too, how may we do,
For to preserve this day;
This poor Youngling for whom we sing,
By, by, lully, lullay.

Herod the King, in his raging,
Charged he hath this day;
His men of might, in his own sight,
All children young, to slay.

Then woe is me, poor Child, for Thee,
And ever mourn and say;
For Thy parting, nor say nor sing,
By, by, lully, lullay.

John MacArthur, preaching on Matthew 2:16-23, said:

…Those little babies, they didn’t know it but those precious little babies in Bethlehem at that time were the first casualties in the warfare waged between the kingdoms of this world and the kingdoms of His Christ, they were the first casualties. But ultimately the victory would be won, the babies surely, if I read my Bible right, the minute they died went instantly into the presence of God, who gathers the little ones in His arms and says, “Forbid them not, for of such is the kingdom.” And the mothers, they could stop weeping because this very One who was now exiled in Egypt would come back to offer them a salvation that could unite them with their own babies….

Matthew paints a masterpiece of a picture. Micah, he said the King would come to Bethlehem, and to Bethlehem He came. Hosea, the King would come through Egypt, through Egypt He came. Jeremiah, there would be weeping like Rachel in Ramah of old in the picture of Jeremiah, and there was as the mothers wept over the babies, beside the tomb of Rachel in the Ramah of Bethlehem. And the prophets of old said His name would be Nazarene, and He would be from Nazareth, and so it was. And at each point, He fulfills a prophecy that solidifies His right to reign. And so says Matthew, this is the King, by genealogy, by birth, by worship, by the jealousy of hatred, and by the fulfillment of prophecy this man was born a King, for this cause came He into the world.2


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In the Anglican ecclesiastical calendar December 28th is The Innocents’ Day on which the little ones slaughtered in Bethlehem are remembered.
Das Massaker der Unschuldigen by François-Joseph Navez
1Coventry Carol:  The Hymns and Carols of Christmas.
Video by Lutevoice: Valeria Mignaco & Alfonso Marin, soprano-lute duo.
2John MacArthur, “The King Fulfills Prophecy, Part 2.” http://www.gty.org
This article originally appeared here at Grace to You

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